How Personalised Nutrition May Significantly Improve BMI
Human bodies are simultaneously similar and unique. While we may be born with the same limbs and organs, everyone is different from each other in how our bodies process individual responses, such as emotions, thoughts, and even bodily functions like digestion. This was further proved by a recent study that researched the effects of personalised nutrition on a person’s BMI or Body Mass Index.
Before we delve into the finer details of this study, here’s what BMI is and why is it important for our readers who may not be completely familiar with the subject.
BMI and its importance
As mentioned earlier, BMI stands for Body Mass Index. Simply put, this is a way to measure the ratio of your height and weight and is an easily calculatable indicator of whether your weight is in proportion to your height.
BMI is calculated by dividing your weight (measured in kilograms) by your height (measured in metres squared). Here’s a quick calculator from The Heart Foundation to help you check your BMI.
Finding out where you lie on the BMI scale can help provide estimates as to whether you may be at risk for heart disease or other medical conditions that may be a result of being overweight or underweight.
The Study on Personalised Nutrition improving BMI in Overweight Adults
In June 2022, a study was published on how customised nutrition guidance helped obese or overweight Chinese adults improve their overall BMI. This was a randomized controlled trial, where over the course of 12 weeks, 400 adults were divided into two groups, CG and PN.
The CG group or the Control Group were given basic and conventional health advice, in accordance with the Dietary Guidelines for Chinese Residents and the Chinese DRIs Handbook.
On the other hand, the PN group received Personalised Nutrition advice that was customised to each adult in the group, after taking into account their physical measurements (such as height, weight body measurements), blood samples, buccal cells (genotype), dietary habits, and physical activity levels.
It was observed that by creating personalised health advice that considered the subject’s personal characteristics and circumstances, the individual was able to benefit considerably. An overall improvement in anthropometric (physical measurements, such as body mass index (BMI), body fat percentage, waist circumference) and blood biomarkers.
Recommendations such as increasing fibre intake and adding multivitamins or mineral supplements, based on the individual were found to be more helpful instead of approaching the individual’s health with a “one size fits all” perspective.
It is important to note that BMI is not a failsafe way of predicting health. In fact, it does not take into account factors like pregnancy, bone density, and muscle mass, amongst others. It also ignores ethnicity and how that may influence your overall health. Having said that, BMI is usually an easy first step to gauging your overall health.
Personalised health advice from a professional medical practitioner or nutrition expert will, in most cases, significantly help you in achieving your health-related goals as this advice will be created taking into your conditions, instead of being cookie-cutter information.
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